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Substance Abuse Treatment

Substance Abuse TreatmentDes Moines residents abuse substances for a variety of reasons. Sometimes people abuse a drug prescribed for a medical condition because they no longer feel the effects of the prescribed dose. In other instances people abuse substances for recreational reasons or to fit in with a group.

Commonly Abused Substances in Des Moines

There are a large number of substances that can be abused by Des Moines residents. Although they can belong to more than one category, the following are some of the primary classifications of addicting substances:

  • Stimulants: Cocaine, amphetamine, and methamphetamine are in this category. As the name implies, they stimulate the body, increasing energy, blood pressure, temperature and heart rate.
  • Depressants: Alcohol and marijuana are considered depressants, as are prescription sleep aids and anti-anxiety medications. Depressants slow the activity of the central nervous system.
  • Opiates and opioids: These include drugs derived from the opium poppy like morphine and heroin and synthetic drugs that are chemically similar. Most prescription painkillers are opioids.
  • Hallucinogens: Hallucinogens include LSD, mescaline, and psilocybin. They alter users’ sense of perception and reality.
  • Club drugs: The most well-known club drug is MDMA (ecstasy). Other substances known as club drugs are Rohypnol and GHB.
  • Inhalants: Inhalants are chemicals (often found in household products) which are inhaled, or “huffed.” Many chemicals including common solvents, gases, and nitrites are used for the purpose.

How Des Moines Residents Become Addicted

Although the mechanism of addiction differs between substances, there are some commonalities. The process begins when the substance causes a specific physical change in the user. This change is often related to neurotransmitter levels and the reward system. The body is always attempting to restore balance, so it opposes the changes by instituting changes of its own. If the substance raised levels of a neurotransmitter, for example, the body might react by producing less or by making the receptors less efficient. This leads to tolerance, in which Des Moines addicts consume larger doses of the substance to re-create previous effects.

Des Moines users tend to increase dosage and the body continues to adapt. Eventually the user becomes physically dependent, because the body has adapted to such a degree that certain physical processes are only balanced when the substance is present. When it is not, withdrawal symptoms occur. Full addiction has set in when the user craves the substance and continues to use it, despite negative consequences.

Addiction Treatment for Des Moines Residents

The brain can heal, but the process is slow. Rehab helps Des Moines patients learn relapse-prevention skills. Counseling will help them understand their personal substance use triggers and learn alternative ways of coping or enjoying life. For some substances, medication-related therapies are also available. Substance abuse and addiction tend to worsen over time, so treatment should be sought as soon as possible. Treatment can occur on either a residential or outpatient basis.

Find Substance Abuse Treatment Today

If you or a loved one in Des Moines needs substance abuse treatment, we can help you find the program that’s right for you. Call our 24 hour, toll-free helpline and ask us your questions. We can even check your insurance coverage, if you wish. Call today.